Within this category you will fine a number of documents related to anarchism and anarchist philosophies. Also, organizational philosophies for society.

Anarchism is the political belief that society should have no government, laws, police, or other authority, but should be a free association of all its members. Anarchism is, in essence a continually debated philosophy with a broad range of viewpoints. An example of one such viewpoint is that of William Godwin, an important anarchist philosopher in Britain during the late 18th century, who believed that the “euthanasia of government” would be achieved through “individual moral reformation”.

Anarchism is a political philosophy taking into account ideas and attitudes which see the state, as mandatory government, to be unnecessary, oppressive, and/or harmful, and promote the elimination of these elements in preference of the anarchist philosophies.

Individual anarchists may or may not have more or less criteria for what constitutes anarchism, and anarchists often disagree with each other on what these criteria are.

According to The Oxford Companion to Philosophy, “there is no single defining position that all anarchists hold, and those considered anarchists at best share a certain family resemblance.”

Anarchism is a political theory which aims to create anarchy, “the absence of a master, of a sovereign.” [P-J Proudhon, What is Property , p. 264] In other words, anarchism is a political theory which aims to create a society within which individuals freely co-operate together as equals. As such, anarchism opposes all forms of hierarchical control – be that control by the state or a capitalist – as harmful to the individual and their individuality as well as unnecessary.

However, “anarchism” and “anarchy” are undoubtedly the most misrepresented ideas in political theory. Generally, the words are used to mean “chaos” or “without order,” and so, by implication, anarchists desire social chaos and a return to the “laws of the jungle.” This, generally is not always the case.

Our extensive archive presents articles and guides on anarchism including; defining anarchy, social class war, anarchy as a form of democracy and much more.